Showing posts with label Audio. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Audio. Show all posts

Saturday, 23 June 2012

Rangkaian Amplifier 8 Watt dari IC TDA2030

Rangkaian Amplifier 8Watt dari IC TDA2030 ini sangat sederhana, bisa untuk audio komputer anda atau radio juga media player dan lain lain. Untuk stereo anda tinggal membuat satu lagi rangkaian seperti ini.


Notes:
Although the TDA2030 is capable of delivering 20 watts of audio power, I deliberately reduced the output to about 8 watts to drive 10 watt speakers. This is more than adequate for a smaller room. Input sensitivity is 200mV. Higher input levels naturally will give greater output, but no distortion should be heard. The gain is set by the 47k and 1.5k resistors. The TDA2030 IC is affordable and makes a good replacement amplifier for low to medium audio power systems. Incidentally, it is speaker efficiency that determines how "loud" the sound is. Speaker efficiency or sound pressure level (SPL) is usually quoted in dB/meter. A speaker with an SPL of 97dB/m will sound louder than a speaker with an SPL of 95dB/m.

Source:  http://www.zen22142.zen.co.uk

Sunday, 13 May 2012

High Quality Intercom

Skema Rangkaian Interkom Kualitas Tinggi
Kumpulan Skema Elektronika- Interkom Kualitas Tinggi. This circuit consists of two identical intercom units. Each unit contains a power supply, microphone preamplifier, audio amplifier and a Push To Talk (PTT) relay circuit. Only 2 wires are required to connect the units together. Due to the low output impedance of the mic preamp, screened cable is not necessary and ordinary 2 core speaker cable, or bell wire may be used.

The schematic can be broken into 34 parts, power supply, mic preamp, audio amplifierand PTT circuit. The power supply is designed to be left on all the time, which is why no on / off switch is provided. A standard 12 V RMS secondary transformer of 12VA will power the unit. Fuses are provided at the primary input and also secondary, before the rectifier. The 1 A fuse needs to be a slow blow type as it has to handle the peak rectifier current as the power supply electrolytics charge from zero volts.

The microphone amplifier is a 2 transistor direct coupled amplifier. BC108B transistors will work equally well in place of the BC109C transistors. The microphone used is a 3 terminal electret condenser microphone insert. These are popular and require a small current to operate. The preamp is shown in my audio circuit section as well, but has a very high gain and low distortion. The last transistor is biased to around half the supply voltage; this provides the maximum overload margin for loud signals or loud voices. The gain may be adjusted with the 10k preset. Sensitivity is very high, and a ticking clock can easily be heard from the distantloudspeaker.

The amplifier is based on the popular National Semiconductor LM380. A 50 mV input is all that's required to deliver 2W RMS into an 8 ohm loudspeaker. The choice of loudspeaker determines overall sound quality. A small loudspeaker may not produce a lot of bass, I used an old 8 inch radio loudspeaker. The 4.7u capacitor at pin 1 of the LM380 helps filter out any mains hum on the power supply. This can be increased to a 10u capacitor for better power supply rejection ratio.

The push to talk (PTT) circuit is very simple. A SPDT relay is used to switch between mic preamplifier output or loudspeaker input. The normally closed contact is set so that each intercom unit is "listening". The non latching push button switch must be held to talk. The 100u capacitor across the relay has two functions. It prevents the relays back emf from destroying the semiconductors, and also delays the release of the relay. This delay is deliberate, and prevents any last word from being "chopped" off.

Setting Up and Testing
This circuit does not include a "call" button. With this intercom pressing the Push to Talk button sends your voice to the opposite station, and vice versa. Setup is simple, set to volume to a comfortable level, and adjust the mic preset while speaking with "normal volume" from one meter away. You do not need to be in close contact with the microphone, it will pick up a conversation from anywhere in a room. If the units are a long way away, there is a tendency for the cable to pick up hum, or radio interference. There are various defenses against this. One way is to use a twisted pair cable, each successive turn cancels the interference from the turn before. Another method is to use a small capacitor of say 100n between the common terminal of each relay and ground. This shunts high frequency signals to earth. Another method is to use a low value resistor of about 1k. This will shunt interference and hum, but will shunt the speech signal as well. However as the output impedance of each mic preamp is low, and the speech signals are also low,this will have little effect on speech but reduce interference to an acceptable level.

Source:  www.zen22142.zen.co.uk 

Doorphone Intercom

Skema Rangkaian Interkom Pintu Sederhana
Description:

Kumpulan Skema Elektronika- Interkom Pintu Sederhana,

A simple Intercom made with a single transistor and low power audio amplifier LM386. The circui uses 8 ohm speakers, which also double as a microphone.

Circuit:
For the first time, this circuit was is a Canadian/English design and designed by Mr Laurier Gendron of Burnaby in British Columbia, Canada, and myself. Please make sure you visit Laurier's web site, Handy Dandy Little Circuits. This page is also available in French by clicking on the flag.


In this doorphone circuit, an 8 ohm speaker is used both as a microphone and also an output device. The BC109C stage amplifies in common base mode, providing low input impedance to match the speaker and good voltage gain.
The 270k resistor provides simple DC bias and the load resistor is 27k. The speaker produces a weak varying DC output when used as a microphone typically several 100uV. This varying DC signal must be separated from the fixed DC bias voltages and this is done by the 100u and 0.47u capacitors.
An LM386 is used in non-inverting mode as a power amplifier to boost voltage gain and drive the 8 ohm speaker. The 10k potentiometer acts as the volume control, and overall gain may be adjusted using the 5k preset. The gain of the LM386 can be as high as 200, this is required because of the small audio signal from the speaker. The double pole double throw switch, reverses the loudspeaker positions, so that one is used to talk and the other to listen. Manually operating the switch (from inside the house) allows two way communication.

Source:  www.zen22142.zen.co.uk

Wednesday, 2 May 2012

Rangkaian Power Amplifier 1000 Watt

Kumpulan Skema Elektronika. This is a audio power amplifier Blazer circuit provides up to 1000Watt . This interesting routes many good bass and treble alive. Importantly should choose Power supply source, which has been fairly high voltage class 70Vdc GND -70V 10A is the current low level
Rangkaian Power Amplifier Blazer 1000 WattSkema Rangkaian Power Amplifier Blazer 1000 Watt

The transistors are 2SC3858 (NPN) and 2SA1494 (PNP), and feature high bandwidth, excellent safe operating area, high linearity and high gain. Driver transistors are 2SC5200 (NPN) and 2SA1943 (PNP). All devices are rated at 230V, with the power transistors having a 150W dissipation and the drivers are 50W.

This circuit describes an amplifier, power supply and tests procedures that are all inherently dangerous. Nothing described in this article should even be considered unless you are fully experienced, know exactly what you are doing, and are willing to take full 100% responsibility for what you do. There are aspects of the design that may require analysis, fault-finding and/or modification.

Skema Rangkaian 400W MOSFET Amplifier

Kumpulan Skema Elektronika. These amplifiers circuit can be used for virtually any application that requires high performance, low use Noise, distortion and excellent sound quality. Examples would be subwoofer amplifier should FOH stage Amplifiers, surround a canal a very powerful sound amplifier, etc. The 400W MOSFET-amplifier has four key stages of amplification. We are looking to start any Phase appropriate detail.
Rangkaian 400W MOSFET  AmplifierSkema Rangkaian 400W MOSFET Amplifier

Note:
  • Use + /-70V 10A DC dual supply for powering the circuit.
  • For L1 make 12turns of enameled copper wire on a 1cm him: plastic formers.
  • use 8 x IRFP448 MOSFETs in the final stages
  • Heat sink is Necessary for the MOSFETs. A 8x4x4 inch finned aluminum heat sink will do. There is no such thing as a heat sink That is too large.

As the name suggests All Q ,C and ZD the Bias and buffer phases. Its main goal is to provide a stable MOSFET Gates and offset voltage and the voltage buffer amplifier stage of the High Resource capacity. What would have without the phase response and the effect Slew rate is indeed very bad. The flip side of the coin is not the extra step Introduction of an additional dominant pole in the amplifier feedback loop.

Also to what the name suggests this stage converts the voltage developed in the VAS and provides all the amps required to drive at 8 or 4 ohms. 2-ohm loads are possible for several minutes at a time. In fact, I have tested more than 1600 1kW amplifier Watts RMS at 2 ohms. But that would not be recommended as a long-term exposure at all. If it is higher than the figures of the STI-amp. Power to the AV amplifier 800 The components of the power for this amplifier are as follows, and are favored A channel or a power module alone. 1 toroidal transformer with a rating of 1kVA. Primary windings are made to fit

Monday, 2 April 2012

Power Amplifier for Laptop

Usually, the audio output from a laptop’s built-in speakers is low. A power amplifier is required to get a high volume. Here is a simple circuit to amplify the laptop’s audio output. The circuit is built around power amplifier IC LA 4440 (IC1) and a few other components. LA4440 is a dual channel audio power amplifier. It has low distortion over a wide range of low to high frequencies with good channel separation. Inbuilt dual channels enable it for stereo and bridge amplifier applications.


In dual mode LA4440 gives 6 watts per channel and in bridge mode 19- watt output. It has ripple rejection of 46 dB. The audio effect can be realized by using two 6-watt speakers. Connect pins 2, 6 and ground of IC1 to the stereo jack which is to be used with the laptop. Assemble the circuit on a general-purpose PCB and enclose in a suitable cabinet. The circuit works off regulated 12V power supply. It is recommended to use audio input socket in the circuit board. Use a proper heat-sink for LA4440.

Skema Rangkaian Active Crossover Circuit

This alive Cantankerous over is adequately beeline forward. It consists of a absorber and two 3rd order, 18 dB per octave filters. One low canyon and the added high. The cantankerous over abundance is set at 2Khz and is advised for AEK’s 400watt per access PA/Keyboard Amp systems. Obviously alone one access is apparent here.
The band akin audio arresting enters the absorber area it is astern out of phase. This is to atone for

300W Subwoofer Power Amplifier Wiring Diagram

Please agenda that the blueprint for this amp has been upgraded, and it is now recommended for connected aerial ability into 4 Ohms, but You will charge to go to extremes with the heatsink (fan cooling is awful recommended). It was originally advised for “light” alternate duty, acceptable for an equalised subwoofer arrangement (for archetype application the ELF assumption – see the Project

Wednesday, 28 March 2012

Rangkaian Loudness Aktif

Rangkaian Loudness Aktif
Skema Rangkaian Loudness Aktif
To get good audio reproduction at different listening levels, a different tone-setting controls should be necessary to suit the well known behavior of the human ear. In fact, the human ear sensitivity varies in a non-linear manner through the entire audible frequency band, as shown by Fletcher-Munson curves.

A simple approach to this problem can be done inserting a circuit in the Preamplifier stage, capable of automatically varying the frequency response of the entire audio chain in respect to the position of the control knob,

Rangkaian Mixer Mini

 Although the modular Portable Mixer design available on these web pages has become a hit for many amateurs, some correspondents required a much simpler device, mainly for mixing mono signals.
This design should fulfil their needs, featuring three inputs with switchable high/low sensitivity and unusual level-control circuits, providing high overload margins and low-noise figures, proportional to gain-level settings.
Low current consumption due to a simple, five-transistor circuitry, allows the Mini Mixer to be powered by a common 9V PP3 battery for many hours.

Car Subwoofer Amplifier Driver


The stereo signals coming from the line outputs of the car radio amplifier are mixed at the input and, after the Level Control, the signal enters the buffer IC1A and can be phase reversed by means of SW1. This control can be useful to allow the subwoofer to be in phase with the loudspeakers of the existing car radio.

Guitar Amplifier Schematic Diagram 100W


Rangkaian Power Amplifier BTL

Power Amplifier BTL
Gambar Rangkaian Power Amplifier BTL
Audio amplifiers operate either in a BTL (bridged) or single-ended ("normal") configuration. In the single-ended setup, the output lead goes to the "hot" or "+" side of the load (speaker or speaker box since we are talking audio) and the "-" or "negative" side of the load is tied to a common ground shared with the amplifier. In the BTL configuration, one amp is connected to the "+" side of the speaker (load) and a second amp is connected to the "-" side of the load. For this to work, the output signal from the second amplifier must be a "mirror image" (identical in every respect, but 180 degrees out of phase) of the output from the first amp. The BTL configuration is most often seen in low-voltage, battery-powered applications (like cell phones or "walkman" type personal tape or cd players etc) or in automotive applications over about 10 watts per channel.

Rangkaian Treble boost

This is Treble Boost circuit. IC LM741 that excellent like to use general the price economizes , and use electronics other equipment assemble a little. In this circuit has can to improve the treble about 10000 Hz that 40 dB. By you can change C1 be other value as a result , will affect the treble differently. This circuit uses the fire feeds about 9V. See the circuit and read to add.

treble boostSkema rangkaian treble boost

Monday, 26 March 2012

20 Watt Power Amplifier

This IC chip was designed specifically for use in power boosting applications in automobiles. It is self protecting against short circuits and thermal problems. In the bridge configuration shown it will deliver 20 watts of power into a 2 ohm speaker operating at 14.4 volts.

Sound Level Meter

This is circuit can be used to check the sound levels.The sound pressure meter is vey useful in setting up home theater systems , if you need to test the sound pressure of each channels on different positions in the room.

The circuit is nothing but a non- inverting amplifier based on op-amp CA 3140. The sound picked by the condenser mic will be amplified by the IC1 and rectified by the bridge D1 to drive the meter M1. The deflection on the meter will be proportional to the pressure of the sound falling on the mic.The switch S1 can be used as an ON/OFF switch.

sound level meterSkema rangkaian sound level meter

Sub-Woofer Amplifier 100 Watt

This is the circuit of subwoofer amplifier. This amplifier can produce an output of 100Watt. There are seven transistors including four in the output stage. The transistors Q1 and Q2 form the preamplifier stage. Transistors Q4 to Q7 form the output stage. Since no ICs are used the circuit is very robust and can be easily assembled on a general purpose PCB.
100 watt sub-woofer amplifierSkema rangkaian 100 watt sub-woofer amplifier

Wednesday, 21 March 2012

Rangkaian Pre-Amp Spul Gitar

This is a pre-amp guitar circuit suitable for high impedance type electric guitar pickups. The circuit is based on a uA 741 op-amp (IC1). The IC1 is wired as a non-inverting amplifier. Resistor Variable R1 can be used as a volume controller. Resistor Variable R6 can be used as tone controller. The switch S1 is used to produce “brilliant” or “soft” tonal effects.
Pre-Amp Sepul Gitar
Skema Rangkaian Pre-Amp Spul Gitar

Rangkaian Audio Mixer 3 Input

Many audio mixer circuits have been published but this this very simple audio mixer circuit uses only one transistor. The base emitter junction of the transistor is biased by the diodes D1 and D2.The signals to be mixed are directly coupled to the base of Transistor. Each input lines are current limited by using a 10k Potensiometer . With the used component values the collector current is around 1mA.
Audio MixerSkema Rangkaian Audio Mixer 3 Input

Skema Power Amplifier 2N3055

2N3055 Power Amplifier
Skema Rangkaian 2N3055 Power Amplifier
Amplifier power is a series of electronics that is used to strengthen the power (or energy in general). In the field of audio, amplifier will amplify the sound signal (which has been expressed in the form of electric current) on the input it into electric current is stronger at the output. The amount of strengthening is often known by the term gain. Value of the gain is expressed as a function of frequency is called the transfer function.

So the gain is the result of the power output (Pout) and power at the input to its function in the form of frequency. The size of the gain, (G) is usually the Decibel (dB).